32 percent of Romanian managers are women and their share in the total employment is 44 percent, according to Eurostat.
In 2013 across the EU member states, women were particularly under-represented among managers in Luxembourg (while accounting for 44 percent of employed persons, 16 percent of managers are women), Cyprus (48 percent vs. 19 percent), the Netherlands (47 percent vs. 25 percent) and Croatia (46 percent vs. 25 percent).In contrast, the share of female managers was more representative of the proportion of women in total employment in Hungary (the share of women was 46 percent among employed persons and 41 percent among managers), Latvia (51 percent and 44 percent) and Poland (45 percent and 38 percent).
In Romania, most women (64 percent) are clerical support workers, 61 percent are service and sales workers and 21 percent are craft and related trades workers.
Employment rate in Romania was in 2013 of 71.6 percent males vs. 56.2 percent females in full time jobs and of 8.1 percent males vs. 9 percent females in part time jobs.
Also, in 2013, the gender pay gap stood at 16.4 percent in the European Union, ranging from less than 5 percent in Slovenia to more than 20 percent in Estonia, Austria, the Czech Republic and Germany. Gender pay gap was less than 10 percent in Slovenia (3.2 percent), Malta (5.1 percent), Poland (6.4 percent), Italy (7.3 percent), Croatia (7.4 percent), Luxembourg (8.6 percent), Romania (9.1 percent against. 8.5 percent in 2008) and Belgium (9.8 percent).
At the opposite end of the scale, the gender pay gap was over 20% in Estonia (29.9%), Austria (23.0%), the Czech Republic (22.1%) and Germany (21.6%).
Compared to 2008, gender pay gap dropped in 2013 in the majority of EU member states.
Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union, published this selection of data on men and women with regard to their situation on the labor market on the occasion of International Women’s Day on March 8.